Genocide is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) as "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; and]forcibly transferring children of the group to another group".
During the history of human kind many genocides have occurred. Some have led to annihilation of the whole ethnic or religious groups and their erasing from the world’s map. Some of these genocides have been well documented and recognized worldwide while many others have gone unnoticed or been forgotten. In these genocides, tens of millions of children, women and men have lost their lives in a systematic process using the most barbaric methods. Millions have been tortured or forced from their homes. The 20th century witnessed many genocides, however, many people thought that our civilization and progress in human rights would be a bulwark against the repetition of genocides in the 21st century. Unfortunately, this crime is still ongoing in different shapes and levels across the world. It is hoped that the international community will recognize early signs of genocide and develop strategies to prevent them. It is the aim of this conference to discuss the history of genocide, why and how it occurs and to showcase its indicators so to provide tools to the international community to develop early intervention strategies.
This conference provides a platform to researchers to share their research findings on genocide and other related issues. This academic event will assist in developing scientific tools and common sense indicators to detect this crime at its early stages so it can be prevented. In addition, this conference will share the lesson learned to facilitate healing and reconciliation after the crime of genocide.